Having kids means parents learn things they likely never thought they’d need to know, and that includes how to properly install a car seat. The reality is that car seats are the best safety device for younger kids in a vehicle. Installing a car seat is important as it enhances the safety and protection of the child in the event of a collision.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), car seat usage reduces the risk that a child will sustain an injury in a crash by 71% to 82%. However, information from Safe Kids Worldwide indicates that 59% of car seats aren’t properly installed. Here, we want to review some general installation steps.
Ensure the Proper Angle
Start by placing the base of the car seat on the vehicle seat, ensuring it is properly aligned. Some car seats come with angle adjusters, which should be set between 30 and 45 degrees to achieve the correct recline angle for rear or forward-facing installation.
For seat belt installation, locate the seat belt path on the car seat, usually indicated by arrows. Thread the seat belt through the designated path, ensuring it buckles securely. While holding the car seat base down with one hand, pull the shoulder portion of the seat belt tightly to remove any slack. It is important to check the tightness of the belt, ensuring it moves no more than one inch from the belt path. Recheck the angle indicators to ensure they remain within the recommended range.
When installing a car seat using the seat belt method, it is essential to use the locking mechanism of the seat belt to secure the car seat. Refer to the vehicle manual for instructions on how to properly lock the seat belt, typically involving fully extending the belt and allowing it to retract to engage the locking mechanism.
Seat Belt Path
If your vehicle was manufactured from 2002 onwards, it is likely equipped with the LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children) system, an alternative method to secure the car seat. Locate the LATCH anchors on the vehicle’s seat, which are typically marked by labels or symbols. Release the LATCH connectors from the back or sides of the car seat and attach them to the corresponding anchors in the vehicle. Ensure they click into place to confirm the proper attachment.
The LATCH system provides an easier and more convenient method of installing a car seat. It consists of lower anchors in the vehicle and connectors on the car seat, eliminating the need to use the seat belt. However, it is important to check the weight limits specified by both the car seat and vehicle manufacturer, as LATCH installations have weight restrictions that may require transitioning to seat belt installation when exceeded.
Placing Your Child in the Seat
Gently place your child into the rear-facing car seat, ensuring their back is against the seat. Use the harness system to secure your child. Adjust the shoulder straps to be level with or just below their shoulders, ensuring a snug fit. Buckle the harness and perform a pinch test: try to pinch the harness strap near the child’s shoulder. If you can pinch excess webbing, the harness is too loose and should be tightened until no slack remains. Position the retainer clip across your child’s chest at armpit level to keep the shoulder straps properly positioned.
It is crucial to periodically check the fit of the harness as your child grows. Adjust the harness and shoulder straps accordingly to accommodate their changing size. Also, be aware of the weight and height limits specified by the car seat manufacturer, as children may outgrow the rear-facing position and require transitioning to a forward-facing car seat. Regularly review and follow the guide provided by the car seat manufacturer to ensure your child’s safety.